In this tutorial, we are going to learn about Best Tutorial on Alternating Current Technology.
Alternating Current –
Alternating Current flow has electron flow which varies in magnitude because of the wave action of electrical potential applied to a circuit. The measurement made within AC circuits is the effective average of resulting wave of energy. DC – direct current circuits have a constant potential over time. Measured – 100Watt of true AC power is equal to 100Watt of DC power.
Conductor – It is a wire, printed circuit board foil, or electrical connectors which transfer current and voltage potential from one location or device to another. They exhibit skin effect with current flow; current will flow with less resistance on the outside of the conductor than through the middle of its mat aerial. The low resistance of a conductor restricts some of the flow of current and slightly reduces the voltage pressure to the other circuit devices. The sizing of the conductor is critical to minimize this affect on devices and circuits.
The larger the conductor, the less resistance it has due to the larger skin surface is available for current flow. Wire is rated by wire gauge a #12 gauge wire is larger than #24. #00 is larger than #8. The best conductor is silver, followed by copper, Then aluminum, and gold is used where conductor the less efficient it is in transferring power .Power is lost in the conductor as heat ,This is a waste that is avoided to a degree by good engineering. The current the conductor as heat this is a waste that is avoided to a degree by good engineering .The current thought the conductor as heat, this is a waste that is avoided to a degree by good engineering .The current through the conductor squared times its resistance to oils and gas, and others are tolerant of high temperature environments. It is practical replacement wires always have are tolerant of high temperature environments .it is critical that replacement wires always have the same insulation codes and wire sizes as the originals during servicing or upgrades A secondary function of insulation is a storage material for electrical charge. This is used in devices called capacitors to hold electrostatic charge. Different insulation materials have different electrical characteristics. Capacitors can be named by their insulation type. Examples are air capacitors, or electrolytic capacitors.
Insulation – It is the material that is used to cover conductors or isolate electrical components from outside contact. This material is highly resistance to electrical current flow, thus allowing contact with the insulation materials with current flowing through the internal wires. Extension cords are good examples of how insulation materials are used. Insulators are rated with a letter code for electrical and environment factors. Some insulators are resistance to oil and gas; others are tolerant of high temperature environments. It is critical that replacement wire always have the same insulation codes and wires sizes as the originals during servicing or upgrades.
A secondary function of insulation is as a storage material for electrical charge. This is used in device capacitors to hold electrostatic charge. Different insulation material have different electrical characteristic. Capacitors can be named by their insulation type. Examples are air capacitors, or electrolytic capacitors. Some capacitors hold charge with power removed.