In this tutorial, we are going to learn about DC Circuit.
Electrical circuit elements (R, L & C), voltage and current source, Kirchoff current and voltage laws, analysis of simple circuit with DC excitation Superposition, Thevenin and Norton Theorem, time-domain analysis of first-order – example, RL and RC circuit.
R – Resistance
It is the opposition offered by a material to the flow of electric current and Ohm is the measurement unit of resistance. It is measurement symbol is Ὠ, KὨ and MὨ.
L – Inductance
It is a device that store energy in a magnetic field, It resists change in current and Henry (H) is the measurement unit of inductance.
C – Capacitor
It is a device that stores electrical energy in an electric field. It is a passive electronic component that has two terminals. The effect of a capacitor is known as capacitance and Farad (F) is the measurement unit of the capacitor.
- Electrical Energy Source – Voltage Source and Current Source.
- Voltage Source – Ideal Voltage and Practical Voltage.
- Current Source – Ideal Current and Practical Current.
- Idea Voltage Source – It is a device which produce a constant voltage across its terminal, no matter what amount of current drawn from it , example – terminal voltage is independent of load resistance.
- Practical Voltage Source – In practical voltage source as the load resistance RL connected across the source is decreased, the corresponding load current IL up, while the terminal voltage across the source down.
- Ideal Current Source – It is a device which delivers a constant current to any load resistance connected across it, no matter what the terminal voltage is developed across the load, Example – independent of voltage across its terminal across the terminals.
- Practical Current Source – It is device which has two terminal devices have the some resistance connected across its terminals. Mostly ideal current source, the output current depends on the voltage of the source.